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 TheWright Brothers
On December 17 each year, Americans celebrate Wright Brothers Day to mark the anniversary of the siblings' first successful flight in 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Test your knowledge of this monumental achievement and the brothers' other accomplishments with these trivia questions we've put together in observance of this special holiday.
The brothers relied on a coin toss to determine which of them would pilot the first test flight of their Wright Flyer. Their first attempt was made on December 14, 1903, and the coin toss that day turned out in Wilbur's favor, so he was at the controls of their airplane in a test flight that ended unsuccessfully, causing some minor damage to their aircraft. Three days later, with the damages repaired, it was Orville's turn at the controls. Decked out in a coat and tie, Orville lay on his stomach on the plane's lower wing as Wilbur ran alongside to help balance the lightweight aircraft. The first manned flight lasted only 12 seconds and covered only 120 feet. Later that day on the last of four successful flights, Wilbur was at the controls on a flight that lasted almost a minute and covered just over 850 feet. Wilbur, the older of the two by about four years, completed four years of high school but never received his diploma because the family moved from Richmond, Indiana, to Dayton, Ohio, before the graduation ceremony was held. (In a ceremony held on April 16, 1994, the 127th anniversary of Wilbur's birth, the diploma was awarded posthumously.) Orville dropped out of high school after his junior year to open a printing business on his own in 1889. Wilbur helped his younger brother to build a printing press that Orville had designed. Shortly after the business was launched, Wilbur came aboard, and together the two began publishing a weekly newspaper

In the summer of 1916, Orville Wright uncrated the remains of the original Wright Flyer and repaired and reassembled the aircraft for an exhibit at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. For years, the Smithsonian Institution pleaded with Orville to donate the plane to be exhibited in the nation's capital, but he refused, largely because he was angry over what he saw as the Smithsonian's misrepresentation of the history of the "flying machine." It was not until the 1940s that the Smithsonian issued an apology and admitted to the misleading nature of its earlier claims that the Langley Aerodrome was the first machine "capable" of manned flight. After the apology, Orville relented and began making arrangements to donate the historic aircraft to the Smithsonian. The Wright Flyer arrived at the Smithsonian in 1948, almost a year after Orville's death.