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US State
Nevada is a western state defined by its great expanses of desert, and by the 24-hour casinos and entertainment for which its largest city, Las Vegas, is famed. Las Vegas hosts elaborate theme hotels such as Caesars Palace and luxury resorts like the Bellagio. The city's also home to museums such as the Mob Museum, upscale shopping malls, diverse restaurants and extravagant shows.
Capital: Carson City
Secretary of State: Barbara Cegavske
Minimum wage: 8.25 USD per hour (Jan 1, 2014)
Population: 2.839 million (2014)
State bird: Mountain bluebird
Population: 2,700,551 (2010 Census)
Rank: 35th largest state (2010 Census)
Capital: Carson City, population - 55,274 (2010 Census)
Most populous city: Las Vegas, population - 583,756 (2010 Census)
Most populous county: Clark County, population - 1,951,269 (2010 Census)
Area: 109,781 square miles
Rank: 7th largest (87 percent of Nevada's land area is federally controlled)
Highest elevation: Boundary Peak in Esmeralda County - 13,140 feet
Lowest elevation: On the Colorado River in Clark County - 470 feet
Nevada Nicknames
Battle-Born State
Sagebrush State
Silver State
The origin of the state's name is Spanish, meaning "snow-capped."

Facts About Nevada
The presence of Nevada's earliest inhabitants, beginning about 12,400 years ago, is marked by many petroglyphs and archeological sites. Baskets, decoys, and ingenious traps are evidence of the resourcefulness of these early people in a harsh and arid environment.

European explorers traveled through Nevada in the early 19th century, but it was not until 1851 that the first settlements were established. An Act of Congress created the Territory of Nevada on March 2, 1861. James W. Nye of New York was appointed Nevada's first Territorial Governor by President Abraham Lincoln later that year. On October 31, 1864, President Lincoln proclaimed Nevada's admission to the Union as the 36th state. The State's first elected Governor, Henry Blasdel, took office on December 5, 1864.

Nevada is the seventh largest of the 50 states but is one of the most sparsely populated. Carson City, in the western part of the state, is the capital. Gambling is legal in Nevada, and Las Vegas, the state’s largest city, is known internationally for its opulent casinos and as an entertainment destination. Nevada is also home to the Hoover Dam, which was the single largest public works project in the history of the United States, and Lake Mead, the largest reservoir in the country.

Today, Nevada is the nation's seventh largest state in land area. Several hundred mountain ranges cross its landscape, many with elevations over 10,000 feet. In contrast, the State's lowest point
Nevada’s Berlin-Ichthyosaur State Park contains the largest known Shonisaurus popular ichthyosaur fossils. These extinct marine reptiles, which ranged in size from 2 feet to over 50 feet long, swam in the ocean that covered central Nevada 225 million years ago during the Triassic Period.
Nevada was the first state to ratify the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which gave African-American men the right to vote, on March 1, 1869.
Discovered near Virginia City in June 1859, the Comstock Lode produced about $36 million worth of silver ore each year from 1876 to 1878. By 1882, the Comstock had produced more than $300 million in both gold and silver.
Although legal between 1869 and 1910, gambling was banned in Nevada in October 1910. Much like the national prohibition on alcohol that soon followed, the law was largely ignored as machines, wheels and tables simply moved to more discreet locations. On March 19, 1931, in the midst of the Great Depression, gambling was re-legalized.
Located in a remote desert northwest of Las Vegas, Area 51 was established in 1955 by the Central Intelligence Agency to develop and test covert military projects. One of those projects resulted in the Archangel-12 (A-12) stealth plane, which traveled at speeds of over 2,000 miles an hour and could traverse the continental U.S. in 70 minutes. After only a year in active service, the A-12 was decommissioned in 1968.
Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world following China, Australia, and South Africa, and supplies three-quarters of all gold mined in the United States.
The federal government owns nearly 85 percent of all land within Nevada.
In 1864, to hasten its admission to the Union, Nevada’s entire state constitution was sent to Washington, D.C., by telegram.
(along the Colorado River) Is only 470 feet above sea level. From majestic mountains to desert valleys, nature has endowed Nevada with diverse and unique ecosystems.