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National Anthem
requested by Lyñn Lacefield
National Anthems rose to prominence in Europe during the 19th century, but some originated much earlier. The oldest national anthem, the Wilhelmus, the Dutch anthem, written between 1568 and 1572 during the Dutch Revolt, became the official anthem in 1932.
The Japanese anthem, Kimigayo, has its lyrics taken from a Heian period (794–1185) poem, yet it was not set to music until 1880.
On the other hand, the music of Pakistan's national anthem, composed in 1949, preceded its lyrics, written in 1952. The Philippine anthem Lupang Hinirang was composed in 1898 as wordless incidental music for the ceremony declaring independence from the Spanish Empire. The Spanish poem Filipinas was written the following year to serve as the anthem's lyrics; the current Tagalog version dates to 1962.
God Save the Queen, the national anthem of the United Kingdom and the 'royal anthem' reserved for use in the presence of the Monarch in some Commonwealth Realms, was first performed in 1745 under the title God Save the King.
Spain's national anthem, the Marcha Real (The Royal March), written in 1761, was adopted in 1770.
Denmark adopted the older of its two national anthems, Kong Christian stod ved højen mast, in 1780; and La Marseillaise, the French anthem, was written in 1792 and adopted in 1795. Serbia became the first Eastern European nation to have a national anthem – rise, Serbia! – in 1804.[citation needed]
Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu, the national anthem of Kenya, is one of the first national anthems to be specifically commissioned. It was written by the Kenyan Anthem Commission in 1963 to serve as the anthem after independence from the United Kingdom.